Iran’s Apple export

Iran is one of the main Apple producers among the countries which are supplying Apples in the world. Iran is the sixth-largest apple cultivator.

Top Apple Producing Countries In The World
Rank Country Apples Produced (Tonnes)
1 China 44,447,793
2 United States 4,649,323
3 Poland 3,604,271
4 Turkey 2,925,828
5 India 2,872,000
6 Iran 2,799,197
7 Italy 2,455,616
8 Russia 1,843,544
9 France 1,819,762
10 Chile 1,759,421

*Resource: world-atlas

Due to the various climate condition, different types of Apples have been grown along with the country also, some species are grown domestically like ShafiAbadi and Shemrooni. but they are not as famous as popular varieties like Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Gala, and Red Delicious.

The main provinces which are producing Apple are Azerbaijan, Isfahan, Khorasan, and Tehran.

every Region has its special weather and soil texture and because of those reasons, apples that are grown and cultivated, have various characteristics like Shelf-Life, firmness, color, taste, and perfume.

 Map of the distribution of apple production by major provinces of Iran
Map of the distribution of apple production by major provinces of Iran

Iran stands as one of the strategical apple exporters among its neighbors in the Region.

10 years trends of Iran's Apple export
Iran’s Apple export during 10 years-trend

if Apple trees grow from seed they are much vagarious than new rootstocks. apple cultivars are propagated by grafting onto rootstocks, which cause the different sizes of the resulting tree.

Anticipation of an increase in apple exports in 2019-2020

The president of the Union of Agricultural Exporters said:
Due to the early rains and current precipitation that is expected the amount of Apple products will be doubled while export will be increased about five times in comparison to 2017-2018.


As far as we concern, the amount of Apple production will be about 4 – 4.5 million tons this years.

also, that is expected about 1.5 million tons of Apple (worth around 1 billion USD) will be exported this year.
According to him, the amount of apple will be concentrated to use in the juice industry and a part of that will be used as the country’s fresh food or domestic consumption.
He added, because of last year’s frustration about 2 million tons of Apple were produced and 200,000 tons were export(150 million USD in value) because of the low level of supply, the price was increased in the country by the reason. But, two years later, we produced 3 million tons and exported 450 million USD.
The president of the Union of Agricultural Exporters stated:
The government shall provide proper infrastructure to export Apple if not, Iranian farmers will lose money because of over productivity and excessive supply and there is no way so, the government has to buy that from farmers and cultivators at a fixed price.
He said: we increase the amount of production without proper marketing plans to find customers.
He added :
For the coming season, there is no incentive to export apple, but in 2017 the government let apple exports to barter apple with banana or they were benefited from 3000 IRR subsidy per each Kg of Apple which was exported by merchants.

Discarding a thousand tons of apple is harmful to national interests.

The head of the Exporters Union of Agricultural Products addressed about 1000 tons of Apples which are deposited in Damavand City and he added:
The government pays too much to supply the demand of the new Year but they must outsource that to producers and the free market.
He said: whenever governments enter to control markets they are nothing more than and losers.

Neighbor’s export bans and the need for State Department intervention.

While we can find dynamic export markets in the region. especially، our neighbor countries which have good political relations with us, but they are subjected to new tariffs and restrictions on Iranian goods every day, including political issues, like Iraq imposed different tariffs on apples, tomatoes, and onions.

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